The Montessori Method
The Montessori Method is an educational method and philosophy that recognizes children’s natural curiosity and desire to learn.
The name originates from Dr. Maria Montessori, Italy’s first female medical doctor. Born in 1870, Dr. Montessori studied the behaviour and development of children to create a new environment for learning. Dr. Montessori perceived that the years between birth and six years are those with the greatest potential for learning. For this sensitive period in a child’s life, Dr. Montessori designed the “prepared environment where the child, set free from undue adult intervention, can live its life according to the laws of its development.”
In 1907, she founded the first Montessori school in Rome, Casa dei Bambini, or “Children’s House.” Since this time, her methods have been celebrated and continued in the world of early childhood education.
Today, certified Montessori teachers and specialised Montessori teaching materials incorporate this curiosity into a modern learning experience.
Every child develops at a different rate, so it is important to ensure they master certain skills in a safe, encouraging environment.
The Five Areas of Montessori Education
The Montessori Method’s prepared environment includes the following five areas:
- Practical Life
Each of these areas builds on logical and creative tasks and experiences to allow your child to grow in a well-rounded variety of ways. The Montessori teachers, the Montessori equipment and the prepared environment all stimulate and encourage children to learn. Children learn by associating an abstract concept with a concrete sensorial experience rather than purely by memorization. By incorporating learning on every cognitive level, the Montessori method stimulates your child’s healthy early development.
- The teacher shows the child the skill they should learn.
- The teacher oversees the child as they attempt to perform the skill.
- The child practices and masters the skill on their own.
This process encourages the child’s unique joy for learning and improves their self-confidence.